Klaus N. Kremer, Jan R. Bannister, and Jürgen Bauh...
Restoring native forests from Pinus radiata plantations: Effects of different harvesting treatments on the performance of planted seedlings of temperate tree species in central Chile
A landscape-replicated experiment to test the influence of different harvesting treatments (clearcut, strip-cutting and unharvested control) on the early establishment of native tree species in 20-year-old Pinus radiata plantations.
Manuel Acevedo, Carolina Álvarez-Maldini, R. Kaste...
Native Plant Production in Chile. Is It Possible to Achieve Restoration Goals by 2035?
Facing rapid loss of biodiversity as a consequence of climate change, Chile has formally pledged to restore 600,000 ha of native forest by 2035. This effort, however, has not considered the amount and quality of native plants required to meet this pledge. Thus, we examined data collected during the annual, government-conducted census of small- and medium-sized nurseries from central Chile, which account for 78% of the nation’s total plant production, to assess if current production is sufficient to meet Chile´s restoration needs. We coupled this with data collected during our series of ongoing research projects to determine if nurseries are currently meeting minimum seedling quality standards based on morpho-physiological attributes. Our four-year analysis (2016–2019) shows that the number of native seedlings has increased by only 4%, but because only 19% of nursery managers have training, just 29% of all seedlings meet quality criteria for restoration. Thus, under the current rate and quality of plant production, meeting restoration pledges desired by the year 2035 would not be achieved until 2181. This timeline can be accelerated through an urgent expansion of nursery space, implementation of a continuous program for technology and knowledge transference, and strong support through governmental policies.
Agencia para a Gestao Integrada de fogos rurais...
Portugal's National Plan for Integrated Wildland Fire Management
2030 National Plan for integrated wildland fire management
Restoring the Earth - The next decade
Restoring the Earth - The next decade
Douglas Sheil & Aida Bargués Tobella...
More trees for more water in drylands: myths and opportunities
The restoration of tree cover influences water availability. Many people — some experts, too — believe incorrectly that greater tree cover has an invariably negative impact on local water availability. Where do these beliefs come from?
Andrés Ettera, Angela Andrade, Cara R. Nelson, Jul...
Assessing restoration priorities for high-risk ecosystems: An application of the IUCN red list of ecosystems
The authors identify over 6M ha of priority areas for restoration in Colombia, targeting the restoration of 31 (75 %) of the country’s endangered ecosystems.
Eduardo Delgado Assad, Luiz Claudio Costa, Susian ...
Role Of ABC Plan And Planaveg in the Adaptation of Brazilian Agriculture to Climate Change
This working paper presents a set of sustainable practices for the Brazilian agriculture in the short and long-terms, that contribute to the provision and maintenance of ecosystem services, conservation and restoration of biomes, and more resilient low-carbon productive systems that are more adapted to current and future impacts from climate change.
Thais Vilela, Alfonso Malky, Aaron Bruner, Vera L...
A better Amazon road network for people and the environment
The rapidly expanding network of roads into the Amazon is permanently altering the world’s largest tropical forest. Most proposed road projects lack rigorous impact assessments or even basic economic justification. This study analyzes the expected environmental, social and economic impacts of 75 road projects, totaling 12 thousand kilometers of planned roads, in the region.
Alejandro A. Imbach and Adriana Vidal | IUCN...
How inter-institutional networks transform landscapes: Lessons from Latin America on advancing forest landscape restoration
This report presents a package of tools, principles and guiding questions that can be used to develop new or assess existing inter-sectoral coordination mechanisms (ICMs) for forest landscape restoration (FLR). This study also presents a package of tools, principles and guiding questions that can be used to develop new or assess existing ICMs for FLR.
Daniel Pinillos, Felix J. J. A. Bianchi, Rene Poc...
Understanding Landscape Multifunctionality in a Post-forest Frontier: Supply and Demand of Ecosystem Services in Eastern Amazonia
Sustainable food production requires approaches that reconcile agricultural production with the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. This paper's results, reviewed by Initiative 20x20, suggest that the simultaneous delivery of multiple ecosystem services may require land-use pathways that combine land sparing and sharing approaches, including restoring currently degraded land. The analysis can inform integrated land-use planning initiatives where, historically, the supply and demand for agricultural commodity production have been the single dominant driver for the current landscape configuration.