Restoration approaches include:
- Reforestation: Natural and assisted
- Silvopastures systems
- Restoration of strategic ecosystems, e.g. mangroves
- Conservation of natural areas
Guatemala is a multicultural and biodiverse country with a strong economic reliance on rural agriculture and natural resources. However, the nation is also significantly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, and land degradation and deforestation threaten ecosystem services, agricultural productivity and the livelihoods of much of the nation’s population.
Considering these issues, Guatemala seeks to restore 1.2 million ha of degraded forest land by 2045 under the coordination of the national Forest service INAB, the National Protected areas council, the Ministry of environment and the Ministry of Agriculture. Guatemala’s National Restoration Strategy, formulated by the country’s multi-stakeholder Roundtable of Landscape Restoration (MFR), recognizes the local and global importance of restoration. Guatemala’s restoration objectives include:
- Restoration for economic development
- Improving productivity for food security and the enhancement of rural livelihoods
- Promote capacity development of institutions working in restoration
- Strengthen governance in the territory
- Develop knowledge and research on the valuation of the benefits of landscape restoration
- The main policy instrument to support landscape restoration in Guatemala is the PROBOSQUE law that provides incentives to restoration activities.
- Guatemala’s restoration efforts are also supported by private impact investors