Daniel Wiegant, Jara Bakx, Nina Flohr, Pieter van ...
Ecuadorian water funds’ use of scale-sensitive strategies to stay on course in forest and landscape restoration governance
Water funds are task-specific organisations that conserve and restore watersheds. While implementing conservation and restoration efforts at the local level, these groups encounter scale challenges, consisting of mismatches between the ecological and the governance scale and misalignment between governance levels. This study's aim is to identify and unravel both the scale challenges with which two Ecuadorian water funds (FONAG and FORAGUA) were confronted and the scale-sensitive governance strategies that they planned and deployed to overcome them.
Daniel Firebanks-Quevedo, Jordi Planas, Kathleen B...
Using machine learning to identify incentives in forestry policy: Towards a new paradigm in policy analysis
Understanding existing public policies for restoration is very labor-intensive. To address this, we developed a semiautomated policy analysis tool that uses state-of-the-art Natural Language Processing (NLP) methods to mine policy documents, assist the labeling process carried out by policy experts, automatically identify policies that contain incentives and classify them by incentive instrument.
Emmie Oliver, Suzanne Ozment, Alfred Grünwaldt, Ma...
Nature-Based Solutions in Latin America and the Caribbean: Support From the Inter-American Development Bank
Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) face a substantial investment gap in their work to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement. This paper discusses how nature-based solutions present the IDB with an opportunity to maximize the impact of finance leveraged towards these goals in a way that prioritizes social inclusion and environmental sustainability.
Sergio Miguel López-Ramírez, Alex Mayer, Leonardo ...
A comprehensive calibration and validation of SWAT-T using local datasets, evapotranspiration and streamflow in a tropical montane cloud forest area with permeable substrate in central Veracruz, Mexico
A number of conservation policies have been implemented to protect tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF), but many impact assessment models are targeted towards temperate zones. This study uses local evapotranspiration and streamflow datasets to calibrate and validate an improved version of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model for the Tropics (SWAT-T).
René Castro Salazar, Rene Castro Cordero, Sarah Co...
Increasing Forest Cover for a CO2 Neutral Future: Costa Rica Case Study
In the last quarter of 2020, the Costa Rican Ministry for the Environment and Energy (MINAE) announced the signing of two major agreements, the last of the country's first-generation Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programs. This paper syntheses government pledges, interviews, and the authors’ experience working with the first generation of PES, and presents initial recommendations to increase the effectiveness and impact of PES 2.0.
Larson et al....
Hot topics in governance for forests and trees: Towards a (just) transformative research agenda
Who decides what kind of transformation is needed, of what, and for whom? What principles guide those decisions, and how are decision-makers held accountable? This commentary article argues that these governance questions are central in any solution in order to simultaneously address the planetary crises of forest and biodiversity loss and degradation and growing inequality.
Tracey Osborne, Samara Brock, Robin Chazdon, Susan...
The political ecology playbook for ecosystem restoration: Principles for effective, equitable, and transformative landscapes
This publication outlines a set of ten principles for achieving long-lasting, resilient, and equitable ecosystem restoration. These principles are guided by political ecology, a framework that addresses environmental concerns from a broadly political economic perspective, attending to power, politics, and equity within specific geographic and historical contexts. Drawing on the chain of explanation, this multi-scale, cross-landscapes Playbook aims to produce healthy relationships between people and nature that are ecologically, socially, and economically just – and thus sustainable and resilient – while recognizing the political nature of such relationships.
Lydia Slobodian, Adriana Vidal and Carole Saint-La...
Policies that Support Forest Landscape Restoration
A successful process to advance forest landscape restoration (FLR) needs to motivate, enable and resource its implementation. This brief offers a preliminary exploratory analysis of some of the range of policies that respond to each of these three requirements.
Alejandro Imbach and Adriana Vidal...
How Inter-Institutional Networks Transform Landscapes
This study identifies key factors related to the success and impact of ICMs for FLR and presents elements that should be considered when developing new or assessing current ICMs.
Rene Zamora Cristales...
Financial Strategies for Forest and Landscape Restoration
Many governments have developed robust plans and strategies to prioritize areas for restoration under multiple environmental, social and economic objectives. But once these processes are finished, restoration often stalls. Why?